Prosecution refers to the government’s role in the criminal justice system. When criminal activity is suspected, it is often up to the government to investigate, arrest, charge, and bring the alleged offender to trial. Prosecutors are the lawyers who work for the government and who are responsible for developing and presenting the government’s case against a defendant. Prosecutors may be called county attorneys, city attorneys, or district attorneys. The prosecutor is the opponent or “adversary” of the criminal defendant and his or her attorney; the two sides go head-to-head against each other in court. Because these criminal attorneys focus their energies on prosecuting criminal cases, they are generally very experienced in criminal law, and it is therefore essential to have an experienced defense attorney. Thus, in order to best preserve a criminal defendant’s rights and strike a fair balance in court, representation by an experienced criminal defense attorney, particularly one knowledgeable in drunk driving law, is a must.
Every state in the Union has laws against drunk driving. However, it is important to know that the particular laws may vary between states.
As a DUI lawyer in Madison and Middleton, I am informing you that Wisconsin is one of many states that has ignition interlock requirements after certain kinds of DUI convictions. According to the state of Wisconsin, you will have to install an ignition interlock device if you have had multiple DUIs, if you had a BAC higher than .15 at the time the police pulled you over, or if you refuse a breathalyzer test when stopped.
What is an ignition interlock?
An ignition interlock device is a small breathalyzer a mechanic installs in your car. If you have an ignition interlock device installed, you must breathe into it as you are starting your car. If the device detects any alcohol on your breath, the car will not start.
Once the car is operating, you will need to breathe into it at regular intervals. This is to ensure that you have not consumed alcohol after starting the vehicle.
Can I “wait it out?”
It is of course possible to choose not to drive after receiving a DUI. However, there is no way of waiting out an ignition interlock order. Even if you choose not to drive in the direct aftermath of a DUI conviction, the requirement for ignition interlock will still stay on your record. If at any point in the future you wish to obtain a driver’s license, the requirement will still be there.
If you require an ignition interlock device, the burden for payment is on you. However, if you can prove your need to the state, you may be eligible for a 50% reduction in cost.
There are so many traffic laws and motor vehicle equipment regulations on the books that nearly all of us could be pulled over at any time. In other words, it’s very difficult to drive without violating some sort of traffic law.
Every year throughout the United States, law enforcement officers institute 20 million traffic stops, which is about 50,000 every single day. The reason these stops are so common is that police can pull someone over for very mundane reasons, but then use that traffic stop to investigate more serious crimes. These are known as pretextual stops.
These kinds of stops may lead to arrests for drunk driving, drug possession and other offenses unrelated to the initial reason for the stop. Law enforcement advocates claim that pretextual stops are necessary to ensure public safety. But are they? And should police have this much authority?
One major problem with pretextual stops is that officers have a lot of discretion in who they stop, which has led to significant racial bias. White drivers are 20 percent less likely to be stopped than black drivers, despite the fact that white drivers are a much larger percentage of the population. And in a large-scale analysis of stops, one study found that white drivers were more likely to be in possession of contraband (like drugs or guns), yet black drivers were searched 1.5 to 2 times more often.
Because of problems like these, some state legislatures are working to restrict the offenses for which officers can make pretextual stops. In doing so, they hope to reduce racial disparities in policing and to generally limit the amount of investigative interactions between police and average citizens (some of which can turn deadly).
Until or unless Wisconsin enacts such changes, all drivers should know that while police have broad authority to make traffic stops, their power isn’t endless. If you have been charged with drunk driving, drug possession or another offense based on a traffic stop, it may be worth investigating whether the officer had a justifiable reason to pull you over. If not, you can petition the court to suppress any evidence gathered during the stop.
For more information on how you can fight your DUI or DWI charges, contact our Madison, WI office to speak to an experienced DUI attorney today.
In the majority of DUI cases, an important piece of evidence is the blood alcohol level of the accused at the time of the incident. However, in certain circumstances it is possible to challenge breathalyzer results in court.
Whether or not this is possible for you depends on your particular case. According to FindLaw, the two major ways to challenge a breathalyzer are to either question the machine itself or the training of the officer who used it.
What could be wrong with the breathalyzer?
Breathalyzers are machines, which means that they have the potential to malfunction. For example, in a DUI case in Iowa a man was able to blow a “HI” reading on a breathalyzer in the courtroom while entirely sober.
Even if the breathalyzer itself is functioning, somebody must calibrate it in order to work properly. Usually, an officer will provide testimony to this fact. However, if the officer cannot do this it is possible that the courts will throw out the case.
What could be wrong with the officer’s training?
Just like with radar guns, police must be properly trained to use breathalyzers. Usually the officer will provide testimony that the police trained the officer in the use of breathalyzers. However, again, if the officer cannot do this it is possible the courts will not admit the results of the breathalyzer.
The police also must have had probable cause to make you submit to testing. Again, an officer must testify that you were exhibiting signs of drunkenness or erratic driving. Otherwise, the police performed the test in an illegal manner and the courts will not admit the results.
Charged with DUI Wisconsin? Get a Free Consultation 24/7
Are you facing a DUI charge in Wisconsin? Do you have questions about your legal rights or the defenses you can assert at trial? To discuss your case with an experienced Middleton and Madison DUI attorney for free, call 608-257-0440 or tell us how we can reach you online now.